Research Categories

Research categories are used to build thematic groups of presentations for the conference programme. Moreover, they serve as a basis for the assignement of contributions to reviewers. Authors give up to three research domain, one grade level, and one research method for their contributions. Reviewers indicate which kinds of research they are willing to review primarily. The following research categories are currently used in PME conferences:

Research Domains

01 Algebra and algebraic structures
02 Arithmetic, numbers and operations
03 Calculus and functions
04 Geometry, space and shape
05 Probability and statistics
06 Imagery and visualization
07 Problem solving and problem posing
08 Proof, argumentation and reasoning
09 Representations and modeling
10 Teacher beliefs
11 Teacher knowledge and practice
12 Teacher professional development
13  Preservice teacher preparation
14 Classroom assessment
15 Educational evaluation and policy
16 Classroom interaction and discourse
17 Conceptual change and development
18 Curriculum development and task design
19 Teaching and learning with technologies
20 Tools, semiotics and gestures
21 Affect, emotions and attitudes
22 Culture, language and multilingualism
23 Equity and gender issues
24 Special needs education

Grade levels

01 Pre-School (age under 7, and teachers of this grade level)
02 Elementary (age 5-12, and teachers of this grade level)
03 Secondary ( age 10-18, and teachers of this grade level)
04 Post Secondary (age 16+, and teachers of this grade level)
05 Vocational education (and teachers of this grade level)
06 Adult education and out-of-school mathematics (and teachers in these contexts)

Research methods

01 Qualitative/interpretative methods
02 Quantitative methods
03 Mixed methods
04 Theoretical/Philosophical analysis